oid- (*gʷheid-)

    oid- (*gʷheid-)
    English meaning: to swell; strong, *fast, swelling, lump, water
    Deutsche Übersetzung: ‘schwellen”
    Note: Considering Phryg. βεδυ “water” : nasalized Illyr. Bindus “water god”, Root band- (*gʷheid-): “drop” : Root oid- (*gʷheid-): “to swell; strong, *fast, swelling, lump, water” derived from a zero grade of Root au(̯ e)-9, aue̯ d-, aue̯ r- (*akue̯ nt-): “to flow, to wet; water, etc.”
    Material: O.Ind. índra- ‘strong”, also GN “Indra-, urind. (mitanni) Indar = Av. GN Indra-; O.Ind. indriyám n. “ power, fortune”; perhaps also índu- m. “drip” (originally ‘sehwellung, ball”); Arm. ait (i-stem) “cheek”, aitnum “I swell” (*oid-nu-mi), aitumn ‘swelling, lump, growth”; Gk. οἰδάω, οἰδέω ‘swell”, οἶδος n. ‘swelling, lump, growth”, οἴδᾱξ “ unripe Feige”, oἶδμα “ swelling, tumescence, Schwall of Meeres”, Οἰδί-πους ‘schwellfuß”; O.H.G. eiz, Ger. dial. Eis “Eiterbeule, ulcer”, and as Bezeichnung from deren giftigem Inhalt O.H.G. eitar, O.E. üt(t)or, O.Ice. eitr “pus” (O.Ice. also figurative “fury, bitter sense, mind”, E.Fris. eitel “angry, irate, frenzied “); O.Ice. eitill m. “Einschluß in a stone “, Nor. eitel “gland, knag am tree, knot, bud” (= M.H.G. eizel ‘small pustulating ulcer”); O.Ice. eista “testicle” (*oid-s-to(n)-, from the zero grade of es-stem: Gk. οἶδος); perhaps also O.E. üte, Eng. oat “Hafer”; Ltv. idra “das faule Mark eines Baumes”; with Slav. *ĕ-, *ja- from oiprobably O.Bulg. -ědro, jadro (etc.) ‘sinus; velum, sail”, Pol. kaschub. also “net” (basic meaning ‘swelling”); O.C.S. jadъ “ poison “ (*oidos), Slov. jàditi “anger”, Serb. ijèditi “ enrage “; Lith. aidinti ‘stir, tease, irritate” and O.C.S. isto, pl. istesa “testicle, kidney” from schwundstufigem *id-sto-, next to which*oid-s-to- (: O.Ice. eista) perhaps in aRuss. jestesě n. Du. “testicles”, if with it *ěstesě gemeint is; nasalized *ind-ro to *ęd- (jęd-) in Slav. *jędro, *jędrъ: O.C.S. jędro “quick, fast” (from “*strong” = “*swollen”), Serb. jédar “full, strong, fresh, strong” and R.C.S. jadro “nucleus, testiculus”, Russ. jadrovítyj “kernig, strong”, jádrica “Gersten-, Hafergrũtze”, Pol. jądro “Kern; pl. testicles”, jędrny “kernig, strong, lively “; in addition Balt FlN Indus, Indura, Indra, Indrajà and Indrica, also die Innerste, NFl the Leine (Hildesheim), old Indrista (probably Ven.-Illyr.). Maybe Alb. gjendra “(*testicle), lump, tumor, swelling, gland” : Church Slavic jadro “nucleus, testiculus”.
    References: WP. I 166 f., Petersson Heteroklisie 83, 248, Gũntert Weltkönig 13 f., Machek KZ. 64, 261 f., Pokorny Urillyrier 114, 127, Trautmann 2f., 108.

Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary. 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • band- (*gʷheid-) —     band (*gʷheid )     English meaning: drop     Note: Considering Phryg. βεδυ “water” : nasalized Illyr. Bindus “water god”, Root band (*gʷheid ): “drop” : Root oid (*gʷheid ): “to swell; strong, *fast, swelling, lump, water” derived from a… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

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